South Africa’s COVID-19 vaccine rollout programme, outlined by the Ministry of Health, had three phases, beginning with probably the most susceptible inhabitants.
Phase one included all of the frontline healthcare staff. They obtained the Johnson and Johnson vaccine. Phase 2 vaccinated individuals over 60 years outdated and people in congregate settings. The third and ultimate part, now beneath means, covers the remaining South African inhabitants.
The programme received off to a shaky begin in February 2021. It encountered numerous setbacks resembling provide, logistics and governance points, however has gained momentum in current weeks. As many as 200,000 doses are being administered every day. By the top of July 2021, virtually 2.9% of the South African inhabitants had been totally vaccinated and 7.5% had their first of the 2 Pfizer doses.
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Despite this uptake, many South Africans are still hesitant to take the vaccine. The circulation of misinformation about it poses the hazard of hampering efforts to management the pandemic.
In this text, we purpose to dispel a number of the myths surrounding the COVID-19 vaccines.
Myth 1: The COVID-19 vaccine will have an effect on a lady’s fertility
This fantasy was sparked when a social media post was shared in December 2020 by Dr Wolfgang Wodarg, a doctor and former chief scientist for allergy and respiratory remedy at Pfizer, and Dr Michael Yeadon, a pulmonologist. They claimed that the spike protein on the coronavirus was the identical because the spike protein that’s accountable for the expansion and attachment of the placenta throughout being pregnant. The fear was that, because of the vaccine, the immune system wouldn’t be ready to differentiate between the 2 spike proteins and would assault the placental protein.
This is unfaithful. The general make-up of the placental protein is very different from the coronavirus spike protein.
Additionally, throughout the Pfizer vaccine tests, 23 girls volunteers turned pregnant after taking the vaccine.
Furthermore, the benefits of being vaccinated outweigh the dangers of an infection for pregnant girls.
Myth 2: I’ve had COVID-19, so I don’t want a vaccine
Reinfection with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, can happen even in people who’ve beforehand contracted the virus. But receiving the vaccine can present safety in opposition to extreme COVID-19 issues.
The degree of safety that’s achieved from pure immunity after being contaminated by the virus is unknown. But scientists believe that the vaccine supplies higher safety than pure an infection.
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Myth 3: COVID-19 vaccine side-effects are harmful
Several studies have been carried out because the begin of the pandemic which have measured South Africans’ perceptions of vaccine points. A current study by the University of Johannesburg and the Human Sciences Research Council of South Africa discovered that of the respondents who didn’t need to be vaccinated, 25% have been involved about side-effects.
Most of the unintended effects of the COVID-19 vaccine are gentle. They embody low grade fever, sore arm and fatigue, and these normally subside after one to three days.
Rare unintended effects resembling blood clots have been reported from the Johnson and Johnson vaccine. The possibilities of experiencing this aspect impact are low. The dangers of blood clots as a result of COVID-19 an infection are 8-10 occasions larger than dangers related to the vaccine. Doctors are conscious of this concern and are educated to establish and deal with the situation rapidly.
A current article by Healthline – a medically reviewed and truth checked web site – in contrast the advantages and dangers of being vaccinated with these of contracting COVID-19. Lung injury is a complication of COVID-19 whereas muscle fatigue can be a aspect impact of the vaccine. This risk-benefit determination is left to the person to make, however vaccinations have been proven to be secure.
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Myth 4: Vaccines have a microchip that can observe and management a person
This conspiracy idea has been propagated by anti-vaxxers who imagine that the American business magnate, investor and philanthropist Bill Gates will implant microchips to observe individuals’s motion, utilizing the vaccine as the strategy of supply. This is unfaithful and has been clarified by Gates within the media.
This fantasy gained traction when a video was shared on Facebook making false claims in regards to the optionally available microchip on the syringe’s label of the COVID-19 vaccine. This microchip’s goal is to affirm that the injectable and the vaccine are not counterfeit and haven’t expired. It can even affirm if the injection has been used.
People commenting on the video appeared to have misinterpreted the expertise as an injectable. But the microchip is a part of the syringe label and not the injectable substance itself.
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Myth 5: The COVID-19 vaccine growth was rushed, so it could not be efficient
The vaccine was developed in a short time. This was attainable as a result of the vaccine expertise had been in growth for many years. When the genetic data of SARS-CoV-2 was recognized, the method may start rapidly. There have been enough resources to fund the analysis and social media made it simpler to recruit members for the scientific trials. Because SARS-CoV-2 is contagious, it was simple to inform whether or not the vaccine worked or not.
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Myth 6: The COVID-19 vaccine can alter my DNA
The messenger RNA vaccine (Pfizer) and the viral vector vaccine (Johnson and Johnson) trigger your physique to develop safety, in order that when you are contaminated by SARS-CoV-2, your physique is ready to combat the virus. DNA is situated within the nucleus of your cells and the vaccine materials doesn’t enter the nucleus. So it does not alter the DNA.
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Social media performs an enormous function in propagating myths and conspiracy theories. Before you share any data, you ought to be certain that it’s from a scientific and reputable source.