A national survey on drug use in Nigeria revealed in 2019 exhibits that about 14.3 million Nigerians between 15 and 65 years have used psychoactive substances for non-medical functions. One out of each 4 drug customers is a lady.
We carried out research on the use of drugs amongst women farmers in Adamawa State, north east Nigeria. These women are concerned in the cultivation of meals crops comparable to maize, beans and rice.
We needed to discover out in the event that they used drugs in a bid to improve their farming livelihood practices. We additionally needed to understand the implications for well being and their relationships in the group.
We used knowledge collected from interviews and observations with 50 individuals who included farmers, business males and women concerned in agricultural business, civil servants in addition to artisans and unemployed younger folks. One clear statement that emerged was that extra women had been changing into the family breadwinners and that this meant that they had been below loads of strain.
To give you the chance to stand up to the stress of farming and to assist enhance their productiveness, some used psychotropic stimulants. These change nervous system perform and consequence in alterations in notion, temper, consciousness, cognition or behaviour. The most used substances had been hashish and tramadol due to affordability and availability.
The research advisable that the authorities of Adamawa State ought to set up a rehabilitation centre for addicts in the state. We additionally advisable that each one stakeholders ought to give empowerment of women in the state severe consideration.
Farming in Adamawa State
Over 60% of farmers in Adamawa State are women. They work on the land as house owners or as employed assist. Some are each: they personal land and can be employed to work on one other individual’s farm.
There are a number of causes that women try to earn a dwelling off the land. One is rising poverty. The 2019 report on Poverty and Inequality in Nigeria launched by the National Bureau of Statistics confirmed that over 75% of the inhabitants of Adamawa State was poor.
The state was solely higher than Sokoto State (87.73%), Taraba State (87.72%), Jigawa State (87.02%) and Ebonyi (79.76%). The most affected demographic group is women. One of the methods they cope with poverty is to tackle farming actions, to feed their households.
The use of substance abuse isn’t new in the space. An increase in drug and substance abuse was a significant purpose for the enactment of Adamawa State Unclassified (Local Substance) Abuse Law in 2015. Unfortunately, the regulation has not led to the supposed discount in substance abuse.
What we discovered
Women in the analysis staff carried out interviews with women farmers and drug sellers.
They requested basic questions to discover why women had been concerned in farming fairly than different methods of making a dwelling. The interviewers additionally requested why respondents had been concerned in use of drugs.
Questions had been additionally requested about what variety of drugs or substances had been used and what impact these had.
Over 60% of respondents mentioned that drug use amongst feminine farmers in Adamawa State was a typical phenomenon. About 36% didn’t share this view.
Only 4 of these we interviewed would discuss their use of drugs and substances.
One lady farmer who answered these questions mentioned:
We are human beings. No matter how sturdy we’re, we nonetheless get drained whereas working particularly when it’s a tedious and strenuous work like farming. We want to take one thing (like drugs or substances) to stop fast tiredness and get our work completed promptly.
While there will probably be well being and social penalties of drug use amongst these women farmers, it is extremely troublesome to observe this. This is as a result of knowledge, particularly on psychological and psychological misery, are typically not accessible in Adamawa State.
We advisable the institution of a rehabilitation centre by the State authorities would go a great distance in serving to people who find themselves addicted to drugs. Adamawa State regulation prohibiting drug habit and recommending institution of a rehabilitation centre was handed in 2015. This regulation has come into operation, however the rehabilitation centre has but to be established.
It can be advisable that women be empowered by coaching them in vocational abilities and setting them up in small scale companies. This is important as a result of women have develop into sturdy financial brokers in the state.