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Truworths is so keen to secure ‘Primark’ in SA it may create international trouble

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Primark’s flagship retailer in London. (File/Getty)



  • Truworths has been attempting to secure the usage of the model “Primark” for seven years. It now says it will launch shops with that identify inside months.
  • The UK style retailer Primark – which is not concerned in these shops – will not say precisely what it plans in response, simply that it will do what is vital to shield itself.
  • Primark’s guardian company is 20 occasions the scale of Truworths, and it has loads of purpose to cease Truworths from setting a precedent.
  • Being headquartered in post-Brexit Britain may assist – and will make for a diplomatic flip to occasions.
  • For extra tales go to www.BusinessInsider.co.za.

For the final seven years, style retailer Truworths has had its eye on the identify “Primark”. Finally, in the “next few months”, it will lastly be opening round 15 shops underneath that identify, it advised traders in February, with plans to have a mixed 1.5 sq. kilometres of retail area underneath that identify in its “launch trial phase”.

That may embroil South Africa in a commerce battle with the United Kingdom, see a change in the best way SA protects logos and can, on the very least, earn Truworths the enmity of a multinational conglomerate many occasions its measurement, with each motivation to set a memorable instance.

Primark is a half-century-old style retailer, initially from Ireland, that now counts 380 stores across Europe and the USA. It guarantees “the latest looks without breaking the bank”.

The Primark model Truworths intends to set up – with no connection to the UK retailer apart from utilizing the identical identify – shall be “youthful, fashionable” and supply “[g]ood quality at great value”, it has promised.

The UK Primark is not impressed.

“Truworths is attempting to misappropriate our brand and, in so doing, deceive the South African consumer,” the company advised Business Insider South Africa, in a direct repeat of its first, and so far only public statement after Truworths introduced its plans.

“Primark will take whatever steps are necessary to protect our brand and its hard-earned reputation.”

It wouldn’t say what sort of motion it envisages, or what the timing could be.

But it seems to have a lot authorized and regulatory purpose to complain.

See additionally | H&M gross sales in South Africa had been among the many strongest in the world in 2020

When Truworths first utilized to trademark “Primark” to be used in the clothes sector, it wad denied. The UK retailer had registered that identify in South Africa in 1976, and renewed its registration in 1997 and 2006, filings with the Companies and Intellectual Property Commission present.

Truworths was not deterred. In September 2018 it received an order from the Supreme Court of Appeal (SCA) that the Primark name must be struck from register of trade marks for lack of use – and in mid-2019 it utilized once more to name the identify its personal in South Africa.

But getting to that time price Truworths some scars, with no assure of final success.

The SCA agreed that, because the legislation stands, Primark had no proper to trademark safety in South Africa as a result of it had not been utilizing the identify regionally, nor was its model well-known. (Under South Africa’s use-it-or-lose-it system, anybody can apply for a trademark to be de-registered if it has not been used for five years.)

But the courtroom additionally commented – unfavourable – on Truworths’ dodgy motivations and its less-than-honest method.

At one level in authorized proceedings, Truworths claimed it knew nothing in regards to the nature of Primark’s business, and solely “[a]fter this was shown to be dishonest” did it “grudgingly” admit in any other case. 

Then there was its “more probable purpose” in wanting to have garments named Primark: “a desire to block competition from a potentially dangerous rival”, stated the courtroom.

That was on the premise of Truworths’ declare that it didn’t truly need to open shops named Primark, however solely wished to use the identify on a line of clothes. It now says it will launch “stand-alone” and “free standing” shops underneath the identify. 

Knocking down Primark’s copyright safety doesn’t essentially imply Truworths will get to register the identify, the SCA warned bluntly.

And, in what may but end up to be a prescient remark, there is a larger, international context to think about, stated Judge Nigel Willis in a concurring judgment.

“Primark is not well known in South Africa as a brand or a label but Truworths’ application, by necessary implication, concedes that Primark has a market reputation that, at least potentially, is worth having. A court may fairly take judicial notice of the fact that the ‘theft’ of intellectual property, including trade marks, features regularly at summits of political leaders coming from different parts of the world.”

Primark is a reasonably large participant in style, however its guardian company Associated British Foods (ABF) is big – 20 occasions as large as Truworths – and in all places. It owns Illovo Sugar in South Africa, and sugar companies in 9 different international locations. It makes vaccine elements, and bakers yeast, and pig feed, in vegetation that stretch from Canada to New Zealand. 

ABF additionally owns a variety of manufacturers it would, presumably, like to shield towards usurpers in international locations it has not but entered, corresponding to Twinings tea and Ryvita crispbread.

For such safety, a London listed and headquartered company would anticipate the assistance of the British authorities. And 2021 is a great time to ask, with Boris Johnson’s administration keen to present – ideally in swashbuckling style – how it can profit British trade with the exterior flexibility bestowed by Brexit.

As the nation sets its own trade policy for the first time since the 1970s, the safety of mental property, together with logos, is possible to function prominently. In that the USA has set a precedent, threatening billions of rands of South African exports with lack of preferential remedy for worry of decreased copyright safety in SA. 

Whether Truworths will earn SA that sort of trouble for its love of the identify “Primark” stays to be seen. But its efforts have already seen the SCA’s Willis dismiss as outdated the territorial method to trademark safety, in which trademark house owners should battle for defense in every nation afresh.

“If the principle of territoriality in relation to trade marks is to be revisited, in the light of changing social milieux, this will require an internationally concerted political effort and considerable political will,” stated Willis.

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